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Exercise 39: String Algorithms
In this exercise, I'm going to show you a supposedly faster string search algorithm, and compare it to the one that exists in
binstr. The documentation for
binstr says that it uses a simple "brute force" string search to find the first instance. The one that I'll implement will use the Boyer-Moore-Horspool (BMH) algorithm, which is supposed to be faster if you analyze the theoretical time. Assuming my implementation isn't flawed, you'll see that the practical time for BMH is much worse than the simple brute force of
The point of this exercise isn't really to explain the algorithm, because it's simple enough for you to read the "Boyer-Moore-Horspool algorithm" page on Wikipedia. The gist of this algorithm is that it calculates a skip characters list as a first operation, then it uses this list to quickly scan through the string. It's supposed to be faster than brute force, so let's get the code into the right files and see.
First, I have the header:
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